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14th International Conference on Preventive Medicine & Public Health, will be organized around the theme “ Innovations & Current Trends in Preventive Medicine and Public Health”
preventive medicine 2023 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in preventive medicine 2023
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Public health have elementary parts in accommodating the health and prosperity of groups the country over. Although they each offer a shared objective, truly they have worked freely of one another. Public health is about staying people healthy and enhancing the health of people rather than handling disorders, diseases and disabilities in individuals. Public health has a chief role in reorienting the health sector regarding a people health approach. And the healthcare department works to combine primary care and public health, family doctor and the patient centred medical home will have more chance to being partner with population resources and supporter for approach and interventions in these people targeted at enhancing community determinants of primary care health services and improving health results.
- Health care research
- Health information technology
- Health care financing
- Health care administration
- Environmental Health
- Behavioral Health
- Public Policy
- Mental Health
- Health Economics
- Healthcare and Community Health
- Health care services
- Healthcare Education
- Occupational Health
- Healthcare Applications
- Healthcare and Medical Devices
Chronic disease crisis is an enormous threat around the globe currently, which has been brought about by risk factors that are preventable.
Chronic disease is a disease that persists over a long period of time. Chronic disease can hinder independence and the health of individuals with disabilities, as it might create additional activity limitations. People with chronic disease often think that they are free from the disease when they have no symptoms. Having no symptoms, however, does not necessarily mean that chronic disease has disappeared. Chronic diseases tend to become more common with age. Chronic diseases in developed countries include arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, heart attacks, stroke, cancer (colon and breast cancer), obesity, diabetes etc.
The good news is that chronic disease can be prevented or controlled through 1) regular participation in physical activity, 2) eating healthy, 3) not smoking, and 4) avoiding excessive alcohol consumption.
Diabetes often alluded to by doctors as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose originates from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that allows the glucose to get into your cells to give them vitality. With Type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or utilize insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose remains in your blood. You can also have pre-diabetes. This implies that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having pre-diabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2diabetes.
Vaccinations or Immunization are an indivisible part of preventive medicine against microbial infections, like measles, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis, smallpox, polio etc. A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides dynamically acquired immunity to a particular disease. Immunization, adjournment of weakened, killed, or divided microorganisms or of antibodies or lymphocytes that is controlled primarily to anticipate disease.
A vaccine can confer dynamic immunity against a particular harmful agent by stimulating the immune system to attack the agent. Once invigorated by an Immunization, the antibody-producing cells, termed as B lymphocytes, stay sensitized and ready to react to the agent should it ever gain entry to the body. A vaccine may confer passive immunity by providing antibodies or lymphocytes already made by an animal or human donor. Immunizations are usually administered by injection (parenteral administration), but some are given orally. Vaccines applied to mucosal surfaces, such as those lining the gut or nasal passages, appear to invigorate a greater antibody response and may be the most effective route of administration.
Preventive Medicine and Occupational health is a master branch of medicine that focuses on the physical and mental health of employees in the working environment. Occupational health professionals intend to discover what impact work has on staff health and make sure that staff is fit to undertake the role they are employed to do both physically and emotionally. The aim of occupational health is to prevent business related disease and injury by empowering safe working practices; monitoring the health of the workforce; supporting the administration of sickness absence.
Occupational health experts can support associations by advising on business-related diseases and accidents, carrying out assessments for new starters and existing workers, observing the health of representatives and prevention. The maintenance and promotion of the mental, social and physical well-being of all the workers belonging to all the categories is the goal of Preventive Medicine and Occupational Health.
Internal medicine, the therapeutic field deals with the analysis, prevention, and treatment of adult diseases. The major goal of Internal Medicine is to prevent and treat the diseases, in turn increasing the lifespan. Doctors specializing in internal medicine are so-called internists. Internists are skilled in the administration of patients who have undistinguishable or multi-system disease procedures. Internists care for hospitalized and ambulatory patients and may play an important role in teaching and research. Subspecialties of internal medicine incorporate cardiology, oncology, endocrinology, infectious diseases, allergy immunology, nephrology, and rheumatology etc.
Community health and preventive medicine focus on determining how to prevent diseases. A community is a group of people who might have different characteristics but share geographical location, settings, goals, or social interest.
Community health covers a wide range of health care interventions, including health promotion, disease prevention, and treatment. It also involves management and administration of care. Community health workers (CHWs) are often frontline health professionals with knowledge of specific characteristics and developments of the community. They are often members of the community themselves and play an important role in the functioning of community care.
Community Health Benefits
Community Health Behavioural
Community Health Care
Community Health Dentist
Women's health refers to the branch of medication that focuses on the treatment and analysis of diseases and circumstances that affect a woman's physical and emotional well-being. Women's health has been defined as "a patchwork quilt with gaps". Whereas part of this is due to their reproductive and sexual health needs, they also have more chronic non-reproductive health issues such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, mental illness, diabetes and osteoporosis.
Women are particularly esteemed at the two extremes of life as young women and adolescents are at risk from unsafe abortion, STIs and pregnancy while older women often have few basics and are impaired with respect to men, while they also are at exposure of dementia and abuses and mostly leading to poor health. Eat whole grains and high-fiber foods and choose leaner cuts of meat, fish, and poultry. Include low-fat dairy products in your diet as well - depending on your age, you need between 800 and 1,500 milligrams of calcium daily to–assist avoid osteoporosis.
- Genital tract infections
- Urinary incontinence
- Uterine cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Vulvar and vaginal cancer
- Gynaecological endocrinology
- Reproductive and Sexual Health
Primary care is that care provided by specialists, experts absolutely trained for and skilled in broad first contact and continuing care for individuals with any undiagnosed sign, symptom, or health concern not limited by problem origin (biological, behavioral, or social), organ system, or diagnosis.
Primary care comprises disease prevention, patient education, health promotion, health maintenance and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses in a variety of healthcare situations. Primary care is executed and governs by a personal specialist often collaborating with other health professionals, and utilizing discussion or referral as appropriate. Primary care provides patient advocacy in the health care system to achieve cost-effective care by coordination of healthcare amenities. Primary careencourages effectual communication with patients and inspires the role of the patient as a companion in health care.
The word Oncology is derived from Greek onkos means tumor and logos mean study. Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. It involves therapeutic oncology (use of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and other drugs to treat cancer), radiation oncology (use of radiation therapy to treat cancer), and surgical oncology (use of surgery and other procedures to treat cancer). The person who treats cancer diseases is known as an oncologist. In simple words, we can define that the study of cancer is oncology. There are different types of cancer like Breast cancer, Prostate cancer, Basal cell cancer, Lung cancer, Leukemia, Lymphoma and Colon cancer. Cancer is a form of disease where the cancer-causing cell will invade (cell start to grow out of control) and spread to other body parts.
Infectious diseases, caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. The Infectious diseases can be transmitted, directly or indirectly, from one individual to another. They are harmless and even helpful, but under certain circumstances, they may cause disease. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans. Some infectious diseases can be transmitted from individual to individual. Some are transferred by bites from insects or animals. And others are acquired by consumption of contaminated food or water which is being exposed to organisms in the environment.
Nurses work in extent were sharing the qualities is the part of first level contact with the health framework. Nursing is the Protection, advancement, and improvement of health and capacities, the anticipation of sickness and damage, the help of mending, mitigation of anguish through the analysis and treatment of human reaction, and support under the watchful eye of people, families, gatherings, groups, and populaces. The fundamental part of nursing specialists is to give primary and specialty healthcare services advantage alongside directing patient history and physical inspection.
Pharmaceuticals is a reasoning of training in which the patient is the crucial recipient of the drug specialist's activities. Pharmaceutical health centres the dispositions, practices, duties, concerns, morals, capacities, learning, obligations and aptitudes of the drug specialist on the arrangement of medication treatment with the objective of accomplishing therapeutic restorative results toward patient health and personal gratification.
Dentistry, a branch of medicine which deals with the prevention, study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and circumstances of the oral cavity, generally in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of contiguous and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial region. Though fundamentally associated with teeth among the over-all public, the arena of dentistry is not constrained to teeth, however, integrates individual parts of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular joint and other supportive, nervous, lymphatic, muscular etc.
Dental treatments are conceded out by a dental group, which frequently comprises of a dental specialist and dental auxiliaries. Maximum dental specialists either work in private practices, dental hospitals or organizations.
Cardiology a branch of medicine deals with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. This field includes medical analysis and treatment of congenital heart defects, heart failure, valvular heart disease, coronary artery disease, and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists. A cardiologist is not the same as a cardiac surgeon. A cardiac surgeon performs open heart surgery.
- Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias
- Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome
- Congenital heart disease
- Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries)
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)
- Heart valve disease
- Pericardial disease
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Rheumatic heart disease
- Vascular disease (blood vessel disease
Behavioral health refers to a person’s state of being and how their behaviors and choices affect their general wellbeing and health. Substance abuse and obsessions of all kinds fall into the realm of behavioral health. Behavioral health disorders are diseases that are invigorated or spread by your sensible decisions and which you are incapable to resist the urge to recurrence, in spite of negative significances. Changing these uncontrollable behaviors straightforwardly impacts your life, then, by lessening or eliminating some of the indicators of the behavioral health disorder.
- Anxiety Disorders
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)
- Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
- Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive Illness)
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
- Substance Use and Mental Health
- Clinical Care
- Community Partnerships
- Employee and Patient Safety
- Population Health
Psychology is the methodical study of the mind and behavior. Psychology is a multifaceted discipline and incorporates many sub-fields of study in such regions as human development, sports, health, clinical, social conduct, and intellectual procedures. The discipline of psychology is broadly categorized into two subdivisions: a vast profession of consultants and a smaller but growing science of mind, brain, and social behavior. The two have distinctive objectives, training, and practices, yet a few analysts incorporate the two.
- Assessment and evaluation of mental health effects
- Anxiety and sleep disorders
- Schizophrenia and nursing care
- Stress and emotional treatment studies and outcomes
- Cognitive behavioural therapy and family therapy in nursing
- Primary mental health care
- Electroconvulsive therapy and effects
- Anatomical pathology
- Clinical pathology
- Mental Disorder
Family medicine (FM), formerly family practice (FP), is a medical specialty devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages; the specialist is named a family physician or family doctor. In Europe the discipline is often referred to as general practice and a practitioner as a general practice doctor or GP; this name emphasizes the holistic nature of this specialty, as well as its roots in the family. Family practice is a division of primary care that provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family across all ages, genders, diseases, and parts of the body; family physicians are often primary care physicians. It is based on knowledge of the patient in the context of the family and the community, emphasizing disease prevention and health promotion. According to the World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA), the aim of family medicine is to provide personal, comprehensive, and continuing care for the individual in the context of the family and the community.
The importance of Preventive Medicine and Nutrition is recognized widely. Preventive Medicine and Nutrition cover all aspects of wellness, including diet, genetic variation, and stress management. A sense of responsibility is gained for lifestyle choices and their effects upon one’s health are considered with concern. Nutrition, nourishment, or ailment, is the supply of food materials required by organisms and cells to remain alive. In science and human medication, nutrition is the science or practice of consuming and utilizing foods.
Hospital medicine is a sort of practice within internal medicine in which the clinical focus is caring for hospitalized patients. Internists practicing hospital medicine are frequently called “hospitalists.” Although not all hospitalists are required to be internists, the nature of internal medicine training uniquely makes internists for hospital medicine practice. As a result, the vast majority of hospitalists are trained in internal medicine, usually general internal medicine.
The discipline of hospital medicine grew out of the increasing complexity of patients requiring hospital care and the need for dedicated clinicians to oversee their management. The hospitalist model succeeded the traditional method of caring for hospitalized patients, which was often done by clinicians also seeing ambulatory patients or with other clinical obligations that limited their ability to provide the intensity of care often required by these patients. By focusing their practice on this specific group of patients, hospitalists gain specialized knowledge in managing very ill patients and are able to provide high-quality, evidence-based, and efficient patient and family-centered care in hospital settings.
Adolescence is a developmental period and a time of rapid and complex physical, intellectual, emotional, and social development. It is a critical stage in life as young people mature from childhood, when they are dependent on parents and other adults, to young adulthood when they are expected to make decisions and be responsible for themselves.
Adolescents have many concerns about their changing bodies, changing moods, and changing interactions with others. They have concerns about what is normal and what they should expect as they continue to mature. They engage in behaviors that may present risks to their health and safety. Parents also have concerns about what to expect of their adolescent children, what is normal and how they can be kept safe and healthy.
Sports medicine emphases on helping individuals improve their athletic performance, recover from injury and avoid future injuries. It is a fast- developing healthcare field because health workers who specialize in sports medicine help a wide range of individuals, not just athletes.
Sports medicine specialists have the unique training to restore function to injured patients so they can move again as soon as possible. They are also knowledgeable about preventing illness and injury in dynamic individuals. Although sports medicine specialists do work with professional athletes, they also treat children and adolescences involved in sports and adults who exercise for personal fitness, as well as individuals who have physically demanding jobs, like construction workers.
Healthcare Informatics is describing the assimilation of healthcare sciences, information science, computer science and subjective science to assist in the management of healthcare info. Healthcare and nursing informatics are both widely growing fields within the medical field and continuously integrating with the new and updated technology.
- Health information exchange
- Human computer interfaces
- Health monitoring
- Population health management
- Pathology informatics
- Health care information and analytics
Hospital Management heads are people or gatherings of individuals who go about as the main issue of control inside healing centers. These individuals might be past or current clinicians or people with different foundations. There are two kinds of directors, generalists, and masters. Generalists are individuals who are in charge of supervising or dealing with a whole office.
Public Health experts are individuals who are in charge of the productive operations of a particular office, for example, approach examination, fund, bookkeeping, planning, HR, or showcasing.
Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. Ebola virus disease is caused by four different strains of Ebola virus; these viruses infect humans and nonhuman primates. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. The virus family Filoviridae includes three genera: Cueva virus, Marburg virus, and Ebola virus. Within the genus Ebola virus, five species have been identified: Zaire, Bundibugyo, Sudan, Reston and Tai Forest. The first three, Bundibugyo Ebola virus, Zaire Ebola virus, and Sudan Ebola virus have been associated with large outbreaks in Africa. The virus causing the 2014–2016 West African outbreak belongs to the Zaire Ebola virus species.
Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest. Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids.
Symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) are treated as they appear. When used early, basic interventions can significantly improve the chances of survival. These include:
- Providing fluids and electrolytes (body salts) through infusion into the vein (intravenously).
- Offering oxygen therapy to maintain oxygen status.
- Using medication to support blood pressure, reduce vomiting and diarrhea and to manage fever and pain.
- Treating other infections, if they occur.
Recovery from EVD depends on good supportive care and the patient’s immune response. Those who do recover develop antibodies that can last 10 years, possibly longer. It is not known if people who recover are immune for life or if they can later become infected with a different species of Ebola virus. Some survivors may have long-term complications, such as joint and vision problems.
Occupational Health and Safety is an act of taking protective or obligatory medical procedures for improving an individual's wellness in operating place. Occupational Healthcare and safety is health issue for persons associated with any occupation and it conjointly deals with maintenance or development of health by identification, treatment and anticipation from diseases, sickness, injury and other physical and mental impairments found in human beings.
- Occupational Health and Environmental Safety
- Occupational Medicine
- Occupational Psychology
- Occupational Physiotherapy
- Occupational Human Factors and Ergonomics
- Occupational Therapy
- Occupational Rehabilitation
- Occupational Disease and Human Health
- Occupational Health and Hazards
- Occupational Industrial Safety and Hygiene
- Occupational Health and Safety Administration
- Women Health in Occupational Sector
- Agricultural Health and Environmental Safety’s
Telemedicine is generally a new concept, and in the realm of the internet, it develops with lightning speed. Telemedicine is a subset of tele health, which incorporates both remote clinical administration conveyance and nonclinical components of the healthcare system. In contrast, telemedicine alludes particularly to the utilization of medical information exchanged for the purpose of improving a patient's health. Telemedicine is the remote conveyance of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the telecommunications infrastructure. It allows healthcare providers to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients utilizing regular innovation, such as video conferencing and smartphones, without the requirement for an in-person visit. It is often a time-saving way for a consumer to see and speak to a clinician for minor and non-urgent medical needs instead of going to a primary care physician's office or emergency department.
Because the future of medicine and healthcare is intimately linked to patient empowerment and individuals taking charge of their own health through technology, I couldn't leave out health trackers, wearables, and sensors from my list. They're fantastic tools for learning more about ourselves and regaining control of our life.
I use the Fit bit Ionic to log my workouts and monitor my sleep. I supplement it with the Polar H10, which I use with my trainer to fine-tune my workout programs and identify the optimum exercises for my ability. The Muse headband greatly supported me in locating the most important elements that I require for a successful meditation session.
Whether you want to better manage your weight, stress, cognitive abilities, or overall fitness and energy, there is a device for all of these needs and more! The beauty of these new technology-driven gadgets is that they truly put patients at the centre of care. These technologies enable people to take charge of their health and make more informed decisions by allowing them to monitor their health at home and communicate the data with their physician remotely.
The social and collective stimulation of health are the social and economic conditions and their circulating among the people that may influence the group and individual variation in the health status. They are health promoting factors found in one's living and working conditions such as economic stability, cultural and financial factors rather than individual risk factors such as genetics or behavioural risk factors that influence the vulnerability to disease, risk for a disease or injury.
- Access To Care
- Government Programs And Policies
- Children's Health
- Mental Health
- Medical Research
- Medical Sociology And Medical Economics.
Digital Health is the form of technologies deals with health, healthcare, society to frame the productivity of healthcare delivery and produce medicines more personalized and precisely. The wide scopes of digital health consist of healthcare information technology (IT), devices which are wearable, mobile health (mHealth), tele-health and telemedicine and personalized medicine. Patients and customers can use digital health to enhance and manage the pursuit of health and wellness and the similar activities.
- 3D animations in health care
- Broad band technologies in health care
- E- Health
- Artificial Intelligence
- Sleep Tech
- Psycological Technology
- Blockchain Technology
- Big Data and Digital Transformation
- Electronic Health record
Geriatrics is a specialty that focuses on health care of elderly individuals. The art and science of preventing diseases in the geriatric population and promoting their health are termed as Geriatrics. The geriatric titans are the infirmity that is shown up in the aging public, particularly as they start to fail. These incorporate immobility, instability, incontinence and impaired intellect. Its objective is to promote health by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults. There is no static age at which patients might be under the care of a geriatrician or geriatric doctor who requires in the care of elderly individuals. Impaired vision and hearing loss are the most common chronic problems among the Geriatric population.
Optometry is a healthcare profession comprising the examination of eyes and visual systems for abnormalities or imperfections as well as analysis and treatment of eye sicknesses. Optometrists are the autonomous primary healthcare specialists relating to eye and vision care. Optometrist are involved in the broad diagnosis and management of ocular diseases.
Personalized medicine, also known as precision medicine, is a therapeutic method that segregates patients into various classifications-with medical results, practices, interventions or products being couturier to the individual patient based on their anticipated response or risk of disease.
Customized prescription, named as exactness solution, is a therapeutic strategy that isolates patients into various classifications-with medicinal outcomes, practices, interventions or items being custom-made to the individual patient in light of their foreseen reaction or danger of sickness. The terms customized drug, accuracy prescription and P4 medication are utilized conversely to portray this origination however a few creators and associations utilize these articulations independently to show specific refinements.
Hospital medicine is a kind of practice within internal medicine in which the clinical focus is caring for hospitalized patients. Internists practicing hospital medicine are frequently called “hospitalists.” Although not all hospitalists are required to be internists, the nature of internal medicine training uniquely makes internists for hospital medicine practice. As a result, the vast majority of hospitalists are accomplished in internal medicine, usually general internal medicine.
The discipline of hospital medicine developed out of the increasing complexity of patients requiring hospital care and the prerequisite for committed clinicians to manage their administration. The hospitalist model succeeded the conventional technique thinking about hospitalized patients, which was commonly done by clinicians likewise detecting ambulatory patients or with other logical obligations that restricted their ability to provide the power of care often required by these patients. By focusing their training on this specific gathering of patients, hospitalists increase explicit data in handling very ill patients and are able to provide high-quality, evidence-based, and efficient patient and family-centred care in hospital settings.
E-Health is an emerging arena in the intersection of medical informatics, public health and business, referring to health services and data delivered or enhanced through the Internet and associated technologies. E-health technologies also help to deliver better training for health-care workers, and they improve disease surveillance, data collection and the management of patient records, thereby increasing transparency and accountability.